Editorial: A billion dollar man

June 21st, 2010 | etin_rodiana

President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono is a billion dollar man. With a US$1 billion grant from Norway, he can save the Indonesian natural forests and peatlands, at least for the next two years.

Just before the billion dollar deal was sealed,  Yudhoyono made the surprise announcement last week on the commitment of his government to a two-year moratorium on the clearance of forests and peatlands.

We don’t know for sure if the $1 billion grant required the moratorium as a condition. Whatever the reason, we should welcome the moratorium. It is a bold and daring move from the President to announce the moratorium, amid the competing interests for export dollars and poverty alleviation on the one side and environmental protection on the other.

Following the moratorium announcement, we heard from the office of the state environment minister on Tuesday that the government has rightfully delayed the signing of a draft government regulation on peatlands until a presidential regulation on the moratorium is issued.

This moratorium could do a lot of good things for the Indonesian commitment to the environment, including the national commitment to reduce carbon emissions by 2020 by 26 percent from our own resources or by 41 percent with additional international support. Now, this target looks achievable.

The next question is how the government would use the $1 billion grant and what projects might be chosen under a new program. We believe this funding must flow in the right direction, benefiting both the environment and the people, especially those living near the forests and peatlands. They should have an interest to help stop the encroachment on these lands and to help to protect their environment rather than harm it. Involving people nearby these areas in identifying projects and in participation in the management of project activities under the new fund will always be in the best interests of all the parties concerned.

Some quarters have warned the government not to channel this funding to support the development of monocultural plantations or to subsidize the expansion of industrial logging and agribusiness. That poses the next challenge, i.e. how to ensure that these businesses would continue running despite the moratorium, while observing environmental standards.

Indonesia cannot afford a fall in the revenue of its forestry, pulp and paper, palm oil and mining industries, which contribute tens of billions of dollars annually to exports from the country and employ millions of farmers and workers. As a natural resource-based country, Indonesia cannot avoid but to support these industries.

Therefore, we are happy to hear the statement from President Yudhoyono that the moratorium would not affect the palm oil industry.

We need a more comprehensive solution or overall strategy for these resource-based industries, which are often seen as undermining the environment but at the same time provide livelihoods to millions of people. More than that, we need to devise a more comprehensive and longer-term policy beyond the two-year moratorium and beyond the $1 billion grant. But thanks to Norway and the President we are off to a good start.

( Thejakartapost.com, 02/02/10 )

ICEM Executive Demands ILO Action on Mine Safety, Justice in Canada and Mexico

June 15th, 2010 | etin_rodiana

The Executive Committee of the International Federation of Chemical, Energy, Mine and General Workers’ Unions (ICEM) Federation, meeting today 26 May in Geneva, passed three key resolutions. Firstly, the Executive drew sharp attention on the International Labour Organisation (ILO) and its role to improve safety conditions in the world’s mines.

The ICEM also passed resolutions reiterating its strong support to the United Steelworkers in Canada in its 11-month strike against Brazilian-based Vale, and support to the National Miners’ and Metalworkers’ Union of Mexico (SNTMMSRM), also known as Los Mineros, in its lengthy struggle against Grupo Mexico and the government of Mexico.

The adopted statement on mine safety called on the ILO to do more to press member states to ratify Convention 176, the Safety and Health in Mines Convention. Recent mining tragedies in Turkey and Russia served as a backdrop for the Executive issuing strong rhetoric for immediate action by the ILO.

“Our statutory body strongly feels that the ILO must become more pro-active in investigating causes of safety negligence, and insist on a greater trade union role in promoting safe work conditions,” said ICEM General Secretary Manfred Warda.

In Turkey, the ICEM endorsed today’s three one-hour work stoppages by 10,000 miners, strikes that were led by ICEM affiliate Genel Maden-Is. The strikes across the coal-mining region of Zonguldak follow the deadly 17 May methane explosion in the Karadon mine, which killed 30 non-union and short-term contract workers. The strikes were meant as a message to the Turkish government, demanding safe work conditions inside mines, as well as ratification of Convention 176.
The ICEM Executive also condemned faulty pay schemes in mining in several countries, including Russia where monthly salaries are kept extremely low, with miners expected to achieve high production quotas to supplement their pay. This likely was the case at the Raspadskaya mine in the Kemerovo region, where 90 workers died due to methane gas explosions in early May.

The safety statement also addressed a rash of accidents in both the upstream and downstream oil and gas industries, including a refinery explosion in the US state of Washington that killed seven and the Gulf of Mexico disaster. “While much is made of the environmental destruction along the United States Gulf coast brought about by the oil rig explosion, which indeed merits attention, little is made of the fact that 11 offshore workers died and 15 others were seriously injured,”

The resolution regarding the USW strike at three locations of Vale in Canada called attention to the company’s ongoing aversion to negotiate in good faith with the union. The global campaign for justice at Vale, by the ICEM, the International Metalworkers’ Federation (IMF), and affiliates from around the world has improved conditions for workers, said the resolution.

The third resolution, on Los Mineros’ struggle against Grupo Mexico and the government of Felipe Calderon, condemns the recent brutal and unprovoked attacks by the Mexican Federal Police on members of the union. The attack is seen as a direct attack on the autonomy of Los Mineros. Police fired on, detained, and physically attacked the workers in the city of Lázaro Cárdenas, Michoacán. Among those attacked was Mario García Ortíz, Los Mineros’ special delegate for the State of Michoacán, also the Alternative General Secretary of the union and President of the recent Convention of the union.

The ICEM statement calls on the Mexican government to acknowledge the result of the democratic election of the Los Mineros Congress, in which Napoleon Gomez Urrutia was elected.

The ICEM is a Global Union Federation consisting of 467 trade unions in 132 countries, representing in total 20 million workers.

Kampanye Global Mengancam Keberlanjutan Industri Pulp dan Kertas Nasional

June 6th, 2010 | etin_rodiana

30 Mei 2010

• Industri pulp dan kertas Indonesia terancam oleh organisasi-organisasi barat yang memiliki agenda tersembunyi
• Presiden Federasi Serikat Pekerja Pulp dan Kertas Indonesia menghimbai seluruh rakyat Indonesia untuk membela produksi nasional dan menolak serangan imperialisme barat.

Karawang, 30 Mei 2010 – Hari ini, pada hari terakhir Rapat Nasional Federasi Serikat Pekerja Pulp dan Kertas Indonesia (FSP2KI) dikemukakan hubungan antara perkembangan industri pulp dan kertas nasional yang demikian pesat dengan iklim kompetisi yang semakin tidak sehat di perindustrian pulp dan kertas global, termasuk dengan adanya berbagai kampanye negatif dari berbagai LSM barat dan mitra-mitra lokalnya. Rapat yang berdurasi 3 hari dan dihadiri oleh pemimpin dari serikat-serikat pekerja anggota Federasi dari seluruh Indonesia tersebut membahas mengenai tantangan-tantangan dunia global terhadap industri pulp dan kertas Indonesia. Forum tersebut menyimpulkan bahwa sebagian besar tantangantantangan yang muncul berasal dari aksi organisasi-organisasi barat yang merasa terancam dengan
pertumbuhan industri pulp dan kertas Indonesia, serta praktek-praktek proteksionisme yang dilakukan untuk melindungi produksi dalam negri mereka.
Dalam pernyataannya, Federasi juga menyebutkan bahwa Indonesia diyakini berpotensi menjadi produsen pulp dan kertas terbesar di dunia. Hal ini mendasari berbagai kampanye anti-kompetitif berbagai organisasi,
termasuk kompetitor dan LSM-LSM barat serta mitra lokalnya, yang melakukan hal tersebut dengan sikap permusuhan dan dengan berbagai agenda tersembunyi.
Federasi juga mengemukakan sejarah munculnya berbagai serangan terhadap produk pulp dan kertas Indonesia yang dilakukan secara sistematis, yaitu bermula di tahun 1990an, dimana beberapa LSM barat dan
perusahaan-perusahaan berbasis kehutanan berkumpul untuk merundingkan suatu skema sertifikasi hutan yang kemudian dikenal dengan nama Forest Stewardship Council (FSC). Federasi berargumentasi bahwa skema sertifikasi tersebut disusun sedemikian rupa sehingga tidak memungkinkan bagi industri pulp dan kertas dari kebanyakan negara-negara berkembang untuk dapat memenuhi ketentuan-ketentuan yang ada didalamnya. FSC juga diketahui dapat dengan mudah mengubah ketentuan-ketentuan yang ada didalamnya tanpa sepertujuan dari LSM-LSM anggotanya.
Berbekal dengan standard FSC inilah kemudian para LSM lingkungan internasional dan mitra-mitra lokalnya meluncurkan berbagai kampanye negatif terhadap produksi pulp dan kertas Indonesia dengan alasan tidak memenuhi standar dan kriteria FSC. Kampanye-kampanye ini dilakukan dengan cara langsung mendekati perusahaan-perusahaan asing dan multinasional dengan tujuan untuk memaksa mereka menghentikan pembelian produk pulp dan kertas yang berasal dari Indonesia. Perusahaan-perusahaan tersebut bahkan diancam akan dihancurkan reputasinya secara global jika tidak memenuhi tuntutan dari kampanye-kampanye tersebut, yang sebenarnya tidak didasarkan pada data dan fakta benar. Federasi lebih jauh menyimpulkan bahwa kampanye-kampanye yang dilakukan dengan tujuan menghancurkan industri pulp dan kertas nasional sering kali tidak didasarkan pada data yang tidak akurat dan tidak relevan, termasuk tuduhan mengenai Indonesia sebagai negara pengemisi Gas Rumah Kaca terbesar ketiga didunia, yang dibantah oleh Pemerintah Indonesia melalui dokumen Second National Communication yang diserahkan pada Persatuan Bangsa-Bangsa (PBB) akhir tahun lalu1.
Irzan Zulpakar, Presiden FSP2KI menyatakan,”Sebagai rakyat Indonesia, seluruh anggota FSP2KI bertanggung jawab dan berkepentingan untuk melindungi produksi pulp dan kertas nasional dari seranganserangan
pihak luar yang bertujuan untuk menghancurkan stabilitas industri nasional. Kami menghimbau seluruh warga negara Indonesia dan pihak-pihak yang berkepentingan untuk melakukan hal yang sama – melindungi produksi pulp dan kertas nasional dari serangan para LSM barat dan pihak-pihak yang tidak
bertanggung jawab. Kesejahteraan ribuan keluarga di Indonesia menjadi taruhannya disini” Beliau menambahkan,”Organisasi-organisasi barat sering memaksakan berbagai standar dan sistem sertifikasi mereka pada industri di Indonesia. Pemerintah Indonesia sendiri sudah memiliki undang-undang
dan regulasi yang disusun sesuai dengan kondisi lingkungan dan sosial yang ada. Kami akan terus menjunjung tinggi hukum dan peraturan yang berlaku di Negara Republik Indonesia, yang secara ekstensif dan relevan mengatur industri pulp dan kertas nasional.”
Latar Belakang
FSP2KI adalah organisasi serikat pekerja pulp dan kertas nasional yang berkantor pusat di Karawang, Jawa
Barat. Visi dari FSP2KI adalah bekerjasama dengan perusahaan dan pemerintah untuk mengatasi berbagai permasalahan dalam industri pulp dan kertas nasional untuk menciptakan industri yang berkelanjutan dan menciptakan kemakmuran bagi para karyawannya. Organisasi ini beranggotakan 70.000 orang karyawan perusahaan pulp dan kertas dari seluruh Indonesia, dan berafiliasi dengan International Federations of Chemical, Energy, Mines and General Worker Union (ICEM) yang berkantor pusat di Jenewa, Swiss. ICEM beranggotakan sekitar 40 juta karyawan industri pulp dan kertas yang tersebar di 146 negara di seluruh dunia.
Untuk informasi lebih lanjut kunjungi http://fsp2ki.blog.com/2010/05/10/open-statement-fsp2ki/ atau hubungi FSP2KI melalui fsp2ki_mail@yahoo.com

Global Campaign Threaten Indonesian Pulp and Paper Industry’s Sustainability

June 6th, 2010 | etin_rodiana

30 May 2010
• Indonesian pulp and paper industry under threat by western organisations with agenda

• President of Indonesian Pulp and Paper Union calls on Indonesians to defend their national products and reject imperialistic western attacks, built on self-purpose.

(Karawang) 30 May 2010: Today, at the National Conference of the Indonesian Pulp and Paper Union (FSP2KI), an announcement was made linking the Indonesian industry’s rapid sustainable development with the growing hostility of relevant western NGOs, their local partners and competing industries. During the 3-day conference, attended by the leaders of different Labour Union Organisations from across Indonesia, a discussion ensued around the growing challenges faced by the Indonesian pulp and paper industry. The discussion concluded that most of these challenges
result from the actions and protectionist practices made by western organisations, which regard the Indonesian industry’s growth as a threat to their own business interests.
The statement included information on the Indonesian pulp and paper industry becoming the world’s largest in the years ahead. The announcement made by the union, which follows several years of anti-competitive rivalry by other organisations, addresses the hostile and clandestine approach taken by its – often western – counterparts. Such groups include the competitors of relevant organisations, including international NGOs and their local partners.
The statement announced that systematic attacks started in the 1990s with a gathering of Western NGOs and forestry companies, resulting in the formation of a forest certification scheme, which would later become the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC). FSC standard and regulations are known to be changed on a whim without proper endorsement by their western NGO members. The union argues that the certification scheme is designed in a manner that makes it impossible for pulp and paper products from most developing countries – such as Indonesia – to meet the standards, principles and the criteria set by the certification scheme.
The union’s findings suggest that, armed with the FSC standards, international environmental NGOs and their local partners, launched numerous campaigns against Indonesian pulp and paper products, on the basis that they do not comply with FSC standards. These campaigns were conducted by approaching multinational and foreign companies, with the intention of forcing them to stop procuring Indonesian pulp and paper products. The union’s findings go on to suggest that they even threatened to destroy the public images of these companies by launching high-profile terror campaigns, which are not based on actual data or facts.
In conclusion, the union summarised that the campaigns, which aim to destroy the Indonesian pulp and paper industry, are often based on inaccurate and irrelevant data; including accusations that Indonesia is the third-largest green house gas emitter in the world. This was declared untrue by the Indonesian Government through its Second National Communication, submitted to the United Nations at the end of last year1.
Irzan Zulpakar, President of the Indonesian Pulp and Paper Union, said: “As proud Indonesians, members of the Indonesian Pulp and Paper Unions have a responsibility, and an interest, to protect Indonesian products from attacks
that serve to destabilise Indonesian pulp and paper production and to encourage other stakeholders to do likewise – this means the unions’ participation in all efforts to defend attacks from those NGOs and other irresponsible parties. Thousands of Indonesian families’ livelihoods are at stake here.”  He added: “Western organisations try to enforce their own standards and certifications in Indonesia, arbitrarily.Indonesia has its own rules and regulations, which are tailor-made and bespoke to its own industry, people and theenvironment. We will continue to uphold the laws of Indonesia, which extensively and fairly regulate the pulp and paper industry.”
FSP2KI is a national pulp and paper worker union headquartered in Karawang, East Java, which vision is to work together with corporations and the government to overcome challenges in pulp and paper industry to create
sustainability and prosperity for the industry itself and its employees. Its 70,000 members come from pulp and paper companies across Indonesia. The federation is affiliated to the International Federations of Chemical, Energy, Mines and General Workers Union (ICEM) based in Geneva, Switzerland. Its 40 million members spread in 146 countries around the world.
For more information please contact fsp2ki_mail@yahoo.com or visit http://fsp2ki.blog.com/2010/05/10/openstatement- fsp2ki/

Products vs global environment

June 6th, 2010 | etin_rodiana
Joshua Livestro, Amsterdam | Mon, 05/24/2010 11:00 AM |

In recent months, several Western multinational companies have elected to halt the purchase of agricultural products from Southeast Asia.

The companies – which include household names such as Unilever and Nestl* – have hastily caved in to political pressure from environmental groups and European labor and business interests.

But these companies’ decision has been based on false and misleading information. And unless they revisit their actions, they threaten to do lasting harm to the people of Indonesia, to the global environment, and to their customers around the world.

The products in question include palm oil, and pulp and paper products that are produced in Indonesia. The companies are responding to claims by Greenies like Greenpeace, WWF and the Rainforest Action Network. These eco-activists allege that the industrial production of these goods excessively harms biodiversity, rain forests, wildlife as well as indigenous people and culture.

These claims are false. And as we’ll see, coming from organizations based primarily in Europe, they are also insulting. Indonesia in the last two generations has become the world’s leading producer of palm oil and the raw goods used for paper and wood products.

During that time, these sectors have created work for more than 30 million people – about twice the entire population of Unilever’s home country The Netherlands. And hundreds of millions of consumers around the world benefit from these products that are high in quality and low in cost. It’s important to note that these industrial developments in Southeast Asia have occurred well after the Western world industrialized.

People in this region have learned from the ecological mistakes and abuses of Europe, the United States and other now-developed regions. Responding to concerns raised at landmark environmental summits in Rio and elsewhere, Indonesia has pioneered practices designed to protect the environment while permitting sustainable economic development to unfold. As a result, over one quarter of Indonesian land is set aside for conservation.

No Western nation can boast such a commitment to their domestic environment. Malaysia is similarly ecologically minded. Southeast Asia are pursuing a development strategy exactly as those pursued by wealthy Western nations.

The nations in this region permit industrial and agricultural development in certain limited areas. This fosters badly needed jobs and economic growth while providing products for global markets. All the while, the commitments to the environment have not wavered.

Indeed, they have strengthened over time as incomes in these countries have risen – a good reason to support and deepen trade with developing countries. The region is the planet’s poster child for genuine sustainable development in action.

These facts are never mentioned by the environmentalists pressuring Western multinationals to stop purchasing products from Southeast Asia. Indeed, with no evidence to back up the radical environmental claims, the multinationals caved in to the “Greenmail” campaign in an attempt to protect their reputation in their home markets.

They never stopped to consider how this decision would affect their Indonesian trading partners, the various member companies of organizations such as the Indonesian Palm Oil Association or companies like Sinar Mas, one of Indonesia’s leading palm oil, and pulp and paper companies. It shouldn’t come as a surprise that the livelihoods of the tens of millions of people for which these industries provide hope and opportunity matter little to the radical environmentalists.

After all, socialists always care more about humanity as an abstraction than about the fate of real human beings. It is unforgivable, though, that Unilever and Nestl* didn’t stop to consider the evidence (or lack thereof) before taking a decision that would affect the fate of millions of Indonesian workers. Unless they change, consumers in Indonesia and elsewhere in Asia will be unlikely to forgive them.

Why did they overlook Indonesia’s commitment to the environment? There are two possible reasons. One is that most of these groups are headquartered in Europe and the United States, and as such they have very little familiarity with the region. Another reason is more complicated but certainly plays a role.

European and other Western producers of competing products, such as rapeseed oil or American paper, are hostile to trade with outsiders. As a result they are pressuring governments, NGOs and the media to oppose goods imported from developing countries and to protect domestic markets.

There are some glimmers of hope that common sense will prevail. A new group in Germany called Okowatch is now investigating these Greenmail campaigns launched against Western multinationals by environmental groups. Public opinion appears to be turning against the radical green groups in Europe in reaction to their anti-development smear tactics and wild use of EU tax money.

And following mass protests by desperate farmers – which included the destruction of a Greenpeace outpost in Indonesia by native landholders – and complaints from their former trading partners, Unilever and Nestl* announced late last month that they would ask for an independent review of the environmental impact of palm oil production in Indonesia.

It obviously raises the question why they didn’t ask for this review in the first place before taking such a monumental decision, and suggests that the decision was really motivated only by the intimidation campaign organized by the radical environmental lobby.

That said, if the outcome of the review is that both companies decide to re-establish the contracts with their Indonesian suppliers that would of course be a good thing. They could then work together to create sustained economic growth and opportunities on both sides of the globe, leaving the likes of Greenpeace (and WWF) in the dust.

The writer is a columnist with Dutch newspaper De Telegraaf, and editor of Dutch internet magazine De Dagelijkse Standaard”

APP China gets set to start up new APMP line in Guangxi

June 6th, 2010 | etin_rodiana

APP China is poised to commission a new pulp line at a greenfield mill in Qinzhou city, Guangxi autonomous region, China.

The startup of the 300,000 tonne/yr alkaline peroxide mechanical pulp (APMP) line from Andritz will be an important step in the group’s strategy of expanding its pulp capacity and plantations.

A spokesman for APP China’s subsidiary Guangxi Jingui Pulp & Paper, which runs the Qinzhou plant, said most of the installation work is done and mechanical tests are under way on some equipment.

He added that the group aims to kick off production on the pulp line at the end of June, at the earliest. But the source admitted that, judging from the progress of the work at the site, October is a more likely start date.

Output from the pulp line will go to APP China’s paper and board mills, to replace some imports of bleached chemi-thermomechanical pulp.

P&B capacity planned too

Besides the APMP line, longer term APP China also plans to build paper and board capacity at the Qinzhou facility, making it an integrated mill.

In the documents the group submitted to the government for approval of the pulp project, it said output from the plant would comprise 600,000 tonnes/yr of food-grade cartonboard. The cost of the pulp and cartonboard investments was estimated at a total of RMB 7.9 billion ($1.16 billion).

However, other plans detailed on APP China’s website say the 600,000 tonnes/yr of paper and board capacity will consist of a 300,000 tonne/yr coated fine paper machine and a 300,000 tonne/yr liquid packaging board unit.

The APP China spokesman said a final decision has not made yet on the details of the scheme.

Paper Excellence plans Aug. 1 startup at Mackenzie, BC, pulp mill

May 21st, 2010 | etin_rodiana

Paper Excellence, a Dutch-based holding company of Sinar Mas/Asia Pulp and Paper (APP) that acquired a 230,000 tonnes/yr northern bleached softwood kraft (NBSK) and sawdust pulp mill at Mackenzie, BC, last month, now plans to start producing on August 1, RISI’s PPI Pulp & Paper Week reported on Friday.

The Aug. 1 startup for the former Pope & Talbot (P&T) mill is a few months earlier than originally expected. Before it restarts, Paper Excellence must iron out a fiber deal. Progress on that front isn’t yet known.

Also, a source said the firm is going to invest about C$30 million to convert Mackenzie’s output to fully NSBK rather than a split with sawdust pulp.

Sinar Mas division APP wants all of the NBSK it can get because it is focusing on value added papers this year, an APP source previously said.

The Mackenzie startup proposal was one of several around the world that emerged last week during International Pulp Week in Chicago.

Others included a 350,000 tonnes/yr line at Terrace Bay, ON, (Buchanan Pulp, NBSK, late June); a 250,000 tonnes/yr northern bleached hardwood kraft (NBHK) mill at Thurso, QC (Fortress Paper, early June); a roughly 1 million tonnes/yr mill in Rizhao, China (APRIL, BHK, late May); and a 500,000 tonnes/yr line in Chile (Arauco, Nov. 1, BSK).

Open Statement FSP2KI

May 10th, 2010 | etin_rodiana

The rapid development of the Indonesian pulp and paper industry, which has been internationally regarded to have the potential to become the world’s number one, is perceived as a threat by the competing industries of other countries. Attempts to indirectly destroy Indonesian pulp and paper production have been launched from every corner of the globe. These attempts were conducted systematically; predominantly by competitors and other relevant organizations – in particular, international NGOs and its local partners, which receive support from Western countries that feel threatened by the growth of the Indonesian pulp and paper industry. These attempts are now often done under the veil of social and environmental issues – that are currently at their peak of saliency – for their own financial benefits.

These systematic attacks started in the 1990s with a gathering of Western NGOs and forestry companies. This resulted in the formation of a forest certification scheme, which would later become the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC). This certification scheme is designed in a manner that makes it impossible for timber and forestry products from developing countries to meet the standards, principles and the criteria set by the certification scheme. One such criteria involves a deadline for pulpwood plantations development, requiring development of pulpwood plantations to be conducted before 1994 (whereas pulpwood plantations development in Indonesia was initiated around 1995), as outlined by FSC principle number 10. Moreover, FSC principles numbers 6 and 9 are not in line with the government’s land use policies.

The FSC stated that – in formulating their standards – it took into account inputs and concerns from developing countries; however, in reality, the developing countries that they approached are the ones that are under the influence of groups from the developed world. Armed with the FSC standards, international environment NGOs and their local partners then launched numerous campaigns against Indonesian pulp and paper products, on the basis that they do not comply with FSC standards. These NGOs’ FSC marketing campaigns were conducted by approaching and threatening multinationals and foreign companies with the intention of forcing them to stop procuring Indonesian pulp and paper products. They even threatened to destroy the public images of these companies by launching high profile campaigns, which are not based on actual data and facts that be agreement by government and company. The same tactic has been used against the country’s palm oil industry, targeting multinationals such as Unilever and Nestle. This tactic is starting to be used against the pulp and paper industry.

Furthermore, the FSC, which is a standard for forest management and for chain of custody system, deliberately added a new policy – the Policy for the Association with FSC, 2007 –right after an Indonesian paper mill – PT Pabrik Kertas Tjiwi Kimia – managed to achieve an FSC certification for its chain of custody system. The same predicament was also faced by RAPP, which recently had its FSC Controlled Wood certification suspended on the grounds that it does not comply with a certain FSC standards.

Besides the use of direct campaigns through the media, internet, demonstrations and others, these NGOs also threaten the Indonesian pulp and paper industry by using allegations that Indonesia is the world’s third largest carbon emitter and thus contributes to climate change. Such NGOs claim that this is caused by Indonesia’s pulp and paper industry and pulpwood plantations. These claims are based on irrelevant findings from studies conducted by partners of these Western NGOs and published for the interests of the Western world. At higher levels, these findings are used to pressure the Indonesian government to reduce carbon emissions by halting the development of pulpwood plantations. The fact that Indonesia has a large foreign debt was also taken advantage of through the Debt for Nature scheme; in which, the Indonesian government is asked to ‘reduce’ greenhouse gas emissions by stopping the utilization of pulpwood plantations in return for a reduction in Indonesia’s foreign debt.

Using global warming as an excuse, a ‘paperless’ campaign was launched, alleging that paper production is harmful to the environment. By suggesting to stop pulpwood plantation development, even the ones in shallow-peat production forest, as a solution for global warming, Western countries are further undermining pulp and paper production in the developing world, while, at the same time, reaping fortunes for themselves.

As proud Indonesians, members of the Indonesian Pulp and Paper Unions have an obligation, and an interest, to protect Indonesian products from attacks that serve to destroy Indonesian pulp and paper production that can make thousand workers loose their job, and to encourage other stakeholders to do likewise – this means the unions’ participation in all efforts to defend attacks from irresponsible parties.

Pernyataan Terbuka : Penyelamatan Industri Pulp Paper Indonesia

May 10th, 2010 | etin_rodiana

Semakin berkembangnya industri pulp dan kertas Indonesia dalam sepuluh tahun terakhir ini, yang diakui secara internasional berpotensi menjadi nomor 1 di dunia,  menumbuhkan ancaman bagi industri serupa di negara lain. Berbagai tantangan dari segala penjuru bermunculan untuk secara tidak langsung menjatuhkan produksi pulp dan kertas Indonesia. Tantangan dan ancaman ini dilaksanakan secara sistematis, baik oleh kompetitor, organisasi-organisasi terkait dan terutama oleh LSM internasional dan partner lokalnya yang didukung oleh institusi negara-negara barat yang paling terancam oleh kemajuan industri pulp dan kertas nasional, dan secara terselubung menggunakan isu lingkungan dan sosial yang marak saat ini untuk keuntungan finansial sendiri.

Serangan yang sistematis ini awalnya bermula di tahun 1990-an dengan berkumpulnya para LSM-LSM negara barat serta perusahaan-perusahaan berbasis kehutanan asing untuk merumuskan suatu sistem sertifikasi hutan yang kemudian dikenal dengan nama FSC (Forest Stewardship Council). Sistem sertifikasi ini disusun sedemikian rupa sehingga tidak memungkinkan untuk hutan dan produk-produk kayu dari negara berkembang untuk dapat memenuhi semua standar, prinsip dan kriteria yang terkandung didalamnya. Diantaranya adalah batas waktu pengembangan HTI yaitu tahun 1994 (dimana pengembangan HTI di Indonesia baru dikembangkan sekitar tahun 1995-an) yang tercantum di prinsip FSC nomor 10, dan juga  prinsip 6 dan 9 yang tidak selaras dengan prinsip tata guna lahan pemerintah Indonesia.

FSC menyatakan bahwa dalam perumusan standarnya mereka mengikutsertakan masukan dari negara berkembang.  Tetapi kenyataannya negara berkembang yang mereka ikutsertakan hanya negara berkembang yang dikuasai dan dibawah pengaruh oleh kelompok yang berasal dari negara maju.  Berbekal dengan standar FSC yang pro negara barat ini, LSM-LSM lingkungan internasional dan partner lokalnya kemudian melancarkan berbagai kampanye untuk menyerang produk-produk pulp dan kertas Indonesia dengan alasan tidak dapat memenuhi standar FSC. Kampanye bisnis dan pemasaran untuk FSC oleh para LSM ini dilakukan dengan langsung mendekati dan mengancam pelanggan asing dan multinasional untuk segera menghentikan pembelian produk pulp dan kertas yang berasal dari Indonesia, bahkan dengan mengancam akan menghancurkan kredibilitas perusahaan tersebut secara global dengan melakukan kampanye-kampanye terorganisir yang sebenarnya tidak didasari oleh data dan fakta yang akurat atas dasar pelenitian bersama semua pihak. Modus operandi ini telah terjadi di industri kelapa sawit dengan perusahaan multinasional seperti Unilever dan Nestle, dan hal yang sama untuk produk pulp dan kertas Indonesia juga telah mulai dijalankan.

Lebih jauh lagi, FSC yang merupakan standar pengelolaan hutan dan sistem lacak balak, dengan sengaja merumuskan suatu peraturan baru yaitu Policy for the Association with FSC di tahun 2007 setelah salah satu pabrik kertas di Indonesia, PT Pabrik Kertas Tjiwi Kimia, berhasil memperoleh sertifikat FSC untuk sistem lacak balaknya. Hal yang sama juga berlaku pada RAPP yang baru-baru ini juga sertifikat FSC Kontrol Kayunya (controlled wood) ditahan dengan alasan ditemukannya ketidak sesuaian dengan standar FSC.

Selain dengan kampanye-kampanye langsung melalui media massa, internet, demonstrasi dan yang sejenisnya, produksi pulp dan kertas Indonesia juga diancam oleh LSM-LSM tersebut dengan tuduhan bahwa Indonesia merupakan negara pembuat emisi karbon terbesar ketiga didunia, dan berkontribusi besar terhadap pemanasan global dikarenakan salah satunya oleh industri bubur kertas dan HTI. Hal ini juga didasarkan pada hasil penelitian yang tidak relevan oleh partner LSM barat, yang kemudian dipublikasikan untuk mendukung kepentingan negara barat, serta ditataran yang lebih tinggi digunakan untuk mendesak pemerintah Indonesia untuk menurunkan emisinya dengan cara menghentikan pengembangan HTI. Posisi Indonesia sebagai negara berkembang yang banyak memiliki hutang luar negri juga dimanfaatkan dengan proses yang bernama Debt for Nature dimana pemerintah Indonesia diminta untuk ‘mengurangi’ emisi gas rumah kaca dengan menghentikan utilisasi lahan HTI sebagai ganti penghapusan hutang luar negri.

Dengan beralasan pemanasan global juga, kampanye-kampanye ‘paperless’ digencarkan dengan tuduhan produksi kertas merusak lingkungan. Selain itu, dengan berkedok skema-skema pengurangan dampak pemanasan global seperti pelarangan pengembangan HTI, meskipun berlokasi di lahan gambut tipis di areal hutan produksi, negara-negara barat semakin menekan produksi pulp dan kertas di negara-negara berkembang.

Sebagai anak bangsa, segenap anggota FSP2KI memiliki kewajiban dan kepentingan untuk melindungi produksi nasional dari serangan yang bertujuan mematikan produksi pulp dan kertas Indonesia yang pada akhirnya nanti dampaknya akan merugikan ribuan pekerja di industri ini dan juga mendorong segenap pihak yang berkepentingan untuk melakukan hal yang sama; berpartisipasi dalam upaya menangkis serangan dari pihak-pihak yang tidak bertanggung jawab ini.

Letters from FSP2KI to President of the Republic of Indonesia

May 4th, 2010 | etin_rodiana

To :

The President of the Republic of Indonesia

Dr  H.  Soesilo Bambang  Yudhoyono         

Presidential Palace

Dear Mr. President,

Over the past ten years, the Indonesian pulp and paper industry has experienced a remarkably  rapid growth. This is shown through increase in production capacity, export value and Indonesian pulp and paper consumption over the years. The increasing efficiency of the pulp and paper industry and the rising levels of consumption are the two greatest influences behind the rapid growth of the Indonesian pulp and paper industry. Despite the fluctuating pulp and paper price in the international market, pulp and paper producers in Indonesia continue to thrive. Even in times of crisis, the Indonesian pulp and paper industry still significantly contributes to state revenue. The Forestry sector contributed around US$7 billion in 2009; 50% of which was from the pulp and paper industry[1].

Indonesia’s comparative advantage in producing pulp and paper is caused by a variety of factors that are not available in other regions. Among them is a significantly shorter cycle of raw material harvest compared to the markets of Australia, the US and Europe. With this advantage, it is only appropriate that Indonesia earns the top position as the country with the most potential in the pulp and paper industry, a point announced when the Indonesian Pulp and Paper union (FSP2KI) participated in the December 2008 Pulp and Paper Congress of the International Chemical, Energy, Mine and General Worker’s Union (ICEM), held in Uruguay.

Currently, the pulp and paper industry carries a high importance in the forestry industry. Besides having the ability to contribute significantly both to the state revenue as well as being an importance to the Indonesian economy, the pulp and paper industry create millions of jobs, both directly and indirectly. In addition, the contributions of the pulp and paper industry are vital in the development of regions where the industry operates.

Amidst the rapid growth of the Indonesian pulp and paper industry – an improved business climate and rising employment opportunity from the industry – the Indonesian pulp and paper industry is facing serious threats from campaigns conducted by international and local non-governmental organizations (NGOs). These campaigns seek to force the state industry to adopt Western standards that are not applicable to developing countries such as Indonesia. Such situation creates a non conducive working environment for the industry’s employees and if these campaigns against Indonesian pulp and paper products are not addressed properly and immediately, the collapse of the Indonesian pulp and paper industry is inevitable, resulting in massive layoffs.

Threats to the Indonesian pulp and paper industry are also derived from numerous forms of propaganda alleging that Indonesia is a major contributor to climate change through forest and peat lands conversions. These allegations are based on irrelevant research findings that were published for the interests of certain parties. The anti-dumping measures implemented by countries that felt threatened by the Indonesian pulp and paper industry is just an example of the many pressures deliberately applied to undermine and – ultimately – destroy the Indonesian pulp and paper industry.

Therefore, the pulp and paper workers, represented by the Indonesian Pulp and Paper Union (FSP2KI), taking into account the millions of workers in the pulp and paper industry, the existence of the industry and the industry’s role in the country’s economy, would like to convey the following points:

  1. The government must realize its responsibility and play an active role in saving the Indonesian pulp and paper industry from outside threats.
  2. The government must protect the workforce from potential layoffs as a result of campaigns against the Indonesian pulp and paper industry.
  3. The government must take a stance in addressing and clarifying any negative issues related to the Indonesian pulp and paper industry on the international stage.
  4. The government must continue to defend the existing forestry policies and regulations.

With this letter, we hope that Mr. President can understand the concerns of the pulp and paper workers along with its supporting sectors. On behalf of the Indonesian Pulp and Paper Union, we want to extend our gratitude and appreciation for your attention.

Yours sincerely

Ir. Kgs. M. Irzan Zulpakar

President of Indonesian Pulp and Paper Union (FSP2KI)

Jl. Jendral Sudirman No. 17

Prabumulih – Sumatera Selatan

Phone. +6281271259999


[1] http://thejakartaglobe.com/news/greenpeace-calls-for-moratorium-on-logging/351329